DECEMBER 5, 2013, 7:00 PM
Behind London Tech Scene, a Government Push
By MARK SCOTT
LONDON – Over the last three years, a lot has changed in East London, the center of London’s technology community.
Rundown cafes have morphed into high-priced pubs, multilingual 20-somethings fill trendy coffee houses, and the city’s tech scene continues to grow stronger.
“Before, there was nothing here,” said Chris Morton, a former venture capitalist who co-founded Lyst, a fashion start-up, here in 2010. “It was tough. There was no help and the community was still pretty small.”
In part, London’s growth into a European tech hub has been because of support from the British government.
Central to that initiative is the Tech City Investment Organization, a state-backed body in charge of promoting London’s tech community, which will celebrate its third anniversary on Friday.
Part industry cheerleader, part government development agency, the body – named after the tech city moniker was adopted by some local politicians – has championed the city’s tech hub to global investors. It also has helped to streamline visa issues for entrepreneurs and reduce other administrative hurdles that confront fast-growing start-ups.
“We have really shined a spotlight on the region,” said Joanna Shields, an American former senior executive at both Google and Facebook, who became head of the government agency late last year. “Having built businesses myself, I can represent the needs of start-ups.”
As London’s tech community has grown, the influx of developers, engineers and other talent also has attracted more attention from a number of large American tech giants.
Google, which already had offices in the British capital, opened a co-working space in the center of East London’s vibrant tech scene over a year ago. It has more than 22,000 registered members and holds weekly events for the local community like hackathons to networking soirees with investors.
“Now, you don’t need to be lucky to find advice on how to start a business,” said Kathryn Parsons, co-founder of Decoded, a start-up that offers coding courses to non-tech savvy corporate executives. “All the tools are now here.”
Despite its growth – and continuing government support – the London tech scene is still dwarfed by Silicon Valley, and the British capital competes with other European technology centers like Stockholm and Tel Aviv for both venture capital and talented engineers.
Britain, for example, still receives less venture capital per capita than Sweden or Israel, according to the data provider Dow Jones Venture Source.
And some investors question whether London-based tech companies will achieve the multibillion dollar exits from selling to a large tech company or from initial public offerings, which are needed to secure its place within the global technology industry.
“A $1 billion valuation has become the benchmark for success,” said Mark Tluszcz, managing partner at the European venture capital firm Mangrove Capital Partners.
As London’s tech community prepares for 2014, many founders, investors and local policymakers are hoping that the new year will bring a series of high-profile exits for the city’s start-ups.
King, the online gaming firm behind the Candy Crush franchise has a large office in London, even though its roots are in Sweden. Yet the company is planning an initial public offering in New York.
Ms. Shields of the Tech City Investment Organization is trying to increase interest from London’s large financial industry in the hope of persuading more tech firms to list in the British capital instead of New York.
“The battle for London isn’t against Menlo Park or Berlin, but against New York,” said Greg Marsh, a co-founder of the boutique short-term housing website, Onefinestay. “Now, at least half a dozen companies are thinking about exits.”